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06 JULY, 2017 (MAINS)



Q1. Analyze the statement with reasons that “Power corrupts, absolute power corrupts absolutely”. (2014/20)


Please write the answer in comments section

  • Ashish

    “Power corrupts, absolute power corrupts absolutely” is the best known quotation of the 19th century British politician Lord Acton. When someone possesses control and authority over others, they become infected with evil and wicked behaviours which began to dominate and destroy their minds. Like Hitler and Mussolini, they desired absolute power which eventually leads to WWII. Moreover, desire to increase their respective ‘sphere of influence’ by USA and former USSR leads to cold war during second half of the 20th century. Cold war is rightly responsible for the instability in the West Asia and Korean peninsula.
    Absolute power corrupts absolutely because of the examples in the history and our modern world. This can be seen in Communist countries. All Communist countries have been affected by corruption in one way or the other. Famous examples include the Soviet Union, Cuba and China. To grab power Mao resorted to utmost repression which can be traced from his quote, “power flows from the barrel of the gun”. There was also corruption due to the absolute power found in the colonial times. And this hunger for more and more power leads to WW1.
    Now the question arises, why does power corrupt? It corrupts because it gives license to unconscious and neglected personalities. It corrupts because it licenses individuals to unilaterally and arbitrarily impose their will without having properly engaged and processed through the reality at hand. Ruler often resorts to the policy of blood and iron which results into sycophancy and nepotism and therefore eroded the efficacy of the whole system. It hinders the growth of both the ruler and the ruled.
    Though there is corruption in today’s democratic societies but unlike monarchy or communist regime it has proper checks and balances to restore order if someone uses their authority dishonestly. Also, power is essential to perform any action but we need to make sure it must not be centralised.

    • vikas kumar

      Good One