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09 MAY, 2017 (MAINS)



Q1. Esseestpercipi. (2015/10/200 words)


Please write the answer in comments section

  • Ashish

    Esseestpercipi is the famous dictum of Berkley, literally it means “to be is to be perceived”. Acc. to him, existence implied being perceived. Whatever is asserted of physical objects is useless, unless it is in the context of perception of such objects. To say that a thing exists but it is not being perceived would be a contradiction. It is impossible to accept a thing existing which is not perceived by anyone.
    His purpose in propounding such theory was to establish a direct and simple relation between our knowledge and the known world. Berkley claims that this strange theory being a consistent empirical philosophy was the only theory of knowledge that was in agreement with ordinary common sense belief. Berkley’s view combined the best elements of philosophical reasoning and common sense.
    Philosophers like Descarte and Locke had concluded that things immediately perceived are ideas which exist only in the mind. On the other hand, ordinary people belives that things they immediately perceived are the real things. Berkley insisted that his theory and his theory was an agreement with both the philosophers and ordinary people.