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13 AUGUST, 2017 (MAINS)

TODAYS ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM PHILOSOPHY PAPER – 1 – PART A

 

Q1. Explain Kant’s view of causality. How far is Kant able to answer Hume’s objection that causal relation lacks logical necessity.(2013: 12 ½)

 

Please write the answer in comments section

  • jaish

    Kant is considered as the critical philosopher. As per kant, all our knowledge begins with senses, proceeds to understanding and ends with reason. According to kant, knowledge can be acquired at the level of sensibility and at the level of understanding. At the level of understanding, discrete data are arranged to form judgements. Kant has accepted 12 categories at this level. Causality is accepted as one of the category at the level of understanding and it is apriori in nature.

    Hume’s theory of causality was that there is no invariable relation between the cause and effect .As per Hume, relation between cause and effect is based on law of association. Due to frequent observation cause and effect in succession leads to accept invariable relation between the two.
    As per kant, causality is a category of thought and apriori in nature. It is not based on the experience but it is apriori in nature. Thus by exposing the limitation of empiricism, kant demonstrate that effort to provide empirical proofs of causal relation is useless.
    In fact,it is the hume’s skepticism which kant has answered in his philosophy.By making theory of causality as a category of understanding,kant has answered against the hume’s theory of causality.