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13 MAY, 2017 (MAINS)

TODAYS ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM PHILOSOPHY PAPER – 1 – PART A

 

Q1. Explain Kant’s division of categories (2015/20/200 words)

 

Please write the answer in comments section

  • Ashish

    According to Kant, categories are pure concepts of understanding. They are 12 in number. Kant has made a distinction b/w sensibility and understanding. Sensibility is the receptive capacity of mind whereas understanding is the active power of mind. Kant says that knowledge begins with senses, proceeds to understanding and ends with reason.
    According to Kant, understanding performs two functions. Firstly, iot unites a number of concepts in the form of judgement. Ex- the table is round. Secondly, the same understanding synthesizes various sense manifolds in the concept of an object. From this we can make 12 judgements and hence 12 categories. These categories are called transcendental deduction.
    Transcendental deductions are of two types. One, subjective or psychological deduction and the other is objective. In subjective, sense data can give us knowledge of objects.
    In the objective deduction, Kant talks about synthetic unity of apperception. Unity is necessary condition for any knowledge. It is this way that Kant justifies categories.

    Criticism-
    Kant’s categories has been criticised by Hegel. He said that categories are not just 12, but are many. And every individual is free to use his own categories.
    However, despite these criticism, it cannot be ignored that Kantian categories continue to impact philosophical considerations even of contemporary times.