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14 AUGUST, 2017 (MAINS)

TODAYS ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM PHILOSOPHY PAPER – 1 – PART B

 

Q1. Can Arthapatti (postulation) be reduced to Anumana (inference)? Discuss it from Mimamsa point of view. (2014/10)

 

Please write the answer in comments section

  • jaish

    Arthapatti (postulation) is accepted as the valid source of knowledge by both Prabhakara and Kumarila of mimansha philosophy as well as advait vedant.
    It is defined as the assumption of some unperceived fact in order to reconcile two apparently inconsistent perceived facts. If Devdatta is fat and he does not eat during day, we can presume that he must be eating during night. Otherwise the inconsistency will arise between “being fat” and “not eating during day”.
    It is independent source of valid knowledge and cannot be reduced to inference because there is no concomitance and invariable relation between ‘being fat’ and ‘eating during day’. Therefore, here no vyapti is involved.

    It is also not perception either because we have not seen Devdatta is being eating during night, nor it is the case of testimony, nor comparison.
    Therefore, Arthapatti is independent source of valid knowledge and it cannot be reduced to inference.