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14 JULY, 2017 (MAINS)



Q1. Does economic empowerment of women eliminate gender discrimination? Discuss. (2015/15)


Please write the answer in comments section

  • Shweta Saroj

    Women have been facing discrimination since ages. They have been exploited, suppressed both mentally and physically in all possible ways. They are always reduced to man’s will.
    The present time is witnessing a change in the conditions of women. They are coming out of the four walls to work in various fields, earning for herself and her family. Economic empowerment has led to an increment in their stature and also respect for her has increased.
    But the discrimination against women is deep rooted in our society. While economically empowered, yet it doesn’t get reflected socially and politically.
    A question raises that does she has the spending rights too? The general scenario is that the male member in the house has more say in monetary related decisions even when she is the one earning. Or another question is when she is working outside, is she exempted from doing household chores or not? An example from our society is the women sarpanch in villages. Trend has been that she is the face but the decision maker is the man. She is just the puppet in his hand.
    Another problem is glass-ceiling jobs or the pink collared jobs meant only for women. This is based on judgement we have always been carrying since past.

    Therefore, economic empowerment of women is a step ahead towards gender discrimination but it is not enough to have the equality.

    • captain India

      @shweta u can add points like :- 1) participation in decision making in family matters increase.
      2) money gives you confidence as psychology says.
      3)More women participation in economic activities creates a atmosphere well adopted according to women need hence increase economic as well as gender empowerment.
      second part is good but in first part validate ur point with arguments.

      • Shweta Saroj

        Thanks… 🙂

  • Ashish

    Socially, economically or politically discriminate against any person on the basis of sex is called gender discrimination. Particularly, this term is used for discrimination against women globally.
    Globalisation along with IT revolution acted as a stepping stone for the economic empowerment of women. However, this provided financial independence to women but we cannot certainly say that it brings real empowerment of women or not. It can be reflected in the gender inequality index of India, which stands at 130 out of 155 countries. There are widespread cases of sexual harassment of women at work places, which prompts the government to bring into legislation to curb this menace. There are cases of ‘Panchayat Pati’ where women are elected representative but the decisions are taken by her husband. Commodification of women is also a matter of great concern. Women are ‘used’ to sell everything from toothpaste to automobiles.
    According to a study conducted by consulting firm Mckinsey & Co., women are less likely than men to get top corporate jobs worldwide. No women President is elected in US till date. Even in 21st century women in some countries are not allowed to drive. It is only in late 1970s that Switzerland allowed women to cast vote as par with men. However, there are cases where out of sheer determination women have been proved that they are no less than men. Some of the examples are Madam Curie, Razia Sultan, Kalpana Chawla, Angela Markel and others.
    Hence, for real empowerment of women patriarchal mindset of the society must be challenged head-on, strict legislation- its implementation & time bound justice delivery should be the focus of the legislators, executive and judiciary. Media and civil society should use its reach to raise awareness against gender discrimination. Charity begins at home, therefore, we must ensure that parents should provide equal privileges to both girl and boy child. If we do not empower 50% of our population then dream of empowered society or nation is very distant