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17 AUGUST, 2017 (MAINS)



Q1. “The rational is real and the real is rational”. Short notes (2009/20)


Please write the answer in comments section

  • jaish

    Hegel’s philosophy is known as the “Absolute idealism”. According to Hegel, absolute reality is the pure consciousness, the supreme spirit and the aim of the philosophy is to discover and locate this absolute reality. It can be summed up as everything is idea and idea is everything. All that exist is the manifestation of reason, the absolute idea.
    Hegel has criticised Plato, Spinoza and Liebnitz for their theory of reality. As per Hegel, reality is one of which many are its integral parts or organic whole consisting of many. It was explicitly hinted Plato’s theory of ideas but Hegel criticised Plato on his hierarchical system of idea which has no consistent relation. And this is the ground through which he prepared his philosophy further.
    According to Hegel, absolute idea is ultimate reality and every substance is manifestation of this ultimate reality. It is organic whole consisting of many. In this sense, here one is reminded of the famous statement of Hegel: “The real is rational, and, the rational is real”.
    The formula of Hegel means that the whole universe consisting of ideas which are interrelated in a coherent, rational system. Only in this system one has to understand the relation of one element with one another and the whole. Hegel calls it ‘logical’. No matter how we interpret the relation which an element has to other parts and whole, it has to be explained only in a whole of organically interrelated parts. Without this notion of concrete universal, the idealistic metaphysics and its main tenets would be inexplicable.

    Therefore, Hegel has established philosophy of absolute idealism and where every manifestation of absolute idea is related in a rational system.