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18 JUNE, 2017 (MAINS)



Q1. Explain Leibnitz’s principle of ‘identity of indiscernibles’. (2015/15/200 words)


Please write the answer in comments section

  • karan

    Leibnitz by “Identity of indiscernibles” concluded that no two Monads are alike, and this forms the basis of his philosophy . Through Monadology, he tried to regain the individuality which was missing in Spinoza’s substance .

    Monads are the ultimate substance and spiritual atoms. They areindependent , self sustained , self determined and self existent hence Windowless. Just like jivas and purushas they are qualitatively alike but are quantitatively different .They are arranged in a hierarchical fashion i.e order of continuity .
    Which is : material monad < vegetable kingdom< animal beings< human beings < monas monadum (God)

    Law of identity of indiscernibles states that no two distinct things can be alike . Since monads differ in their stage in order of continuity and in their respective location in the space and time . So, no two monads in this universe are alike . They just like living mirrors, reflect different perceptions of the world . Further with varying appetation they move from obscure to clear perceptions.
    Lastly, to explain the interaction between distinct and window less monads Leibnitz gave pre established harmony i.e the reflection of monads with respect to other monads is pre established by God at the time of creation .
    Yet, he struggled to explain freedom in this deterministic model.