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23 MAY, 2017 (MAINS)

TODAYS ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM PHILOSOPHY PAPER – 2 – PART A

 

Q1. Is multiculturalism a need of global society? Discuss. (2015/15/200 words)

 

Please write the answer in comments section

  • Ashish

    Multiculturalism is commonly defined as the presence of several distinct cultural or ethnic groups within a society. It not only recognises cultural diversity but such diversity should be publically affirmed as well.
    Global society refers to a society that is being built in modern times in which all the people of the world interact in common with one another. It is the result of the increasing globalisation.
    Multiculturalism started in the 1960s and now most countries accept it as their official policy viz Canada, Australia and others. Colonisation, globalisation, World Wars and trade played an important role in the spread of multiculturalism. Over times different form of multiculturalism emerged like-
    Liberal multiculturalism in which differentiates between public or private life. Example- France, where people cannot display religious signs or symbols publically.

    Pluralist multiculturalism in which all culture exists together with no difference in public or private life. Example- India.

    Cosmopolitan multiculturalism, here different culture integrates into common/cosmopolitan culture. It is also called melting-pot culture. Example- USA.
    Before concluding whether multiculturalism is needed in global society or not, we should look at the advantages of multiculturalism. They are:-
    1. It highlights the issue of racial or cultural discrimination.
    2. It helps in addressing the problems of refugees and immigrants.
    3. It emphasized on minority rights which is essential for healthy democracy.
    4. It negates the separatist and cessationist tendencies and helps in national integration.
    Hence for a stable, peaceful and prosperous society multiculturalism is very much needed, especially in the 21st century.