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31 AUGUST, 2017 (MAINS)



Q1. Explain evaluate Aristotle’s concept of justice. (2013/15)


Please write the answer in comments section

  • jaish

    Aristotle has given the practical aspects of justice unlike plato’s ideal theory of justice. As per Aristotle, there are two forms of justice that is Universal and Particular. Universal justice is the ideal form of justice which says that mutual behavior of individuals should be based on the principle of morality and particular justice is application of universal justice.
    Again Aristotle has divided particular justice into two that is Retributive and Distributive justice. As a matter of fact, Aristotle main concern is on particular justice.
    Retributive justice:
    It is corrective or rectifying in nature to undo some injustice. It is also related to voluntary as well as involuntary relation. Retributive justive is based on notion of perfect equality which means treating all alike. It comes into the jurisdiction of the judges.
    Distributive justice:
    It is related to the distribution of resources. It extends the sphere of politics, administration, society, economy etc. It is based on the proportional equality which means equals and unequal are to be treated unequally. It comes under the jurisdiction of legislators.
    Tradition and propertied class should get more in process of sharing as per the Aristotle criteria set for distribution of resources.

    In many cases retribution is not possible, hence retribution is not logically correct.
    In process of distribution of resources, Aristotle has protected the propertied class, that is why his theory is, like plato, discriminatory in nature.
    But there is significance of his theory because he has given first theory of justice at practical level. His theory of retribution is also relevant in present scenario.