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31 MAY, 2017 (MAINS)



Q1. “Inequitable development leads to social conflicts rather than social progress”. Explain. (2015/10/200 words)


Please write the answer in comments section

  • Ashish

    In simple term inequality can be defined as lack of equality. It can be of many types like income inequality, social inequality, inequality in infrastructure etc. Any form of equality may leads to social conflict.
    According to Oxfam study, richest 1% own 58% of total wealth in India. Rich are becoming richer, while poor are becoming poorer. Moreover, inequality in infrastructure can be seen in the outcome of green revolution where states like Western UP, Haryana and Punjab benefitted the most due to the availability of irrigation, HYV of seeds, better road infrastructure for transportation of goods and others.
    Past haunts the present. Above mentioned inequalities results into large scale migration from eastern states to more prosperous states. In long runs it results into regionalism, which is against our constitutional values. Moreover, it has been seen that least developed states score poorly in law and order situation, education and health indices, corruption, high fertility rates among others. This makes them prone to communal and caste based tension. Also, inequitable development may also generate demand for separate states like Telangana, Bodoland, Gorkhaland etc.
    Therefore, equitable development is necessary for inclusive and all round development of any nation.