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10 OCTOBER, 2017 (MAINS)

TODAYS ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM PHILOSOPHY PAPER – 2 – PART A

Q1. What is meant by ‘justice’ as fairness? Explain the basic tenets of Rawls’ theory of justice. (2013/15)

 

Please write the answer in comments section

  • Akshay

    According to Rawls, the distribution of resources must be done on the basis of fair rules. Thus the distribution will always be fair. This he called justice as fairness.
    Rawls proposed the theory of justice. According to him for delivering justice, its rules or procedures must be fair. Thus he gives the concept of original position in which the people who will be formulating rules for justice are sitting under the veil of ignorance. Due to this they won’t be formulating the rules which will have biasness. And if there is any deviation in the rules then that must be in the favour of least advantageous sections of the society.
    He also proposed two principles in his theory of justice.
    1. Liberty principle – for the maximum individual liberty
    2. Difference principle – equal treatment in equal conditions and unequal treatment in unequal conditions
    According to him, the equality and liberty are required for the fair justice. These three are internally connected.

    However this theory of Rawls has been criticised:
    • Libertarian – Rawls theory leads to welfairism which will increase the power of state and can be a threat to individual freedom.
    • Communitarian – Rawls tried to design universal theory of justice, but justice can be different for the different communities based on their respective social norms and values.
    • Amartya Sen – one’s control over primary social good will not essentially makes his life better, instead we should focus on the development of their capabilities.
    In spite of the criticism, Rawls theory has its own importance. His theory is balanced theory of justice in various form. He tends to provide a dignified life to the individual through his theory.

    • Kajal Kumar

      Answer is good . Criticism portion is excellent