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13 SEPTEMBER, 2017 (MAINS)

TODAYS ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM PHILOSOPHY PAPER – 2 – PART B

Q1. What are the arguments given in favour of immortality of soul ? (2014/10)

 

Please write the answer in comments section

  • jaish

    Immortality of the soul is an important religious belief which indicate specific attitude towards the life and world of religious persons. Soul is generally regarded as non-physical, independent and spiritual entity which is eternal and simple in nature.
    Arguments in the favour of immortality of soul:
    As per plato, soul is by nature simple and indivisible, therefore it can neither be produced nor destroyed.
    Plato has also accepted soul as the knower. For him, soul is the base of knowledge. And knowledge is eternal and universal. Therefore, base of knowledge that is soul is also eternal in nature.
    Kant has regarded soul as immortal on the basis of postulates of the morality.
    There are some instances where children have revealed the memory of previous life which is paranormal arguments for the immortality of the soul.
    In another view, soul is accepted as the form of energy, and from the conservation of law of energy, we can say that soul is immortal.
    Soul is also accepted as the immortal on the basis of the conservation of the values.
    In Indian philosophy, immortality of soul has major significance. Many philosopher have accepted it explain the ‘law of karma’. According to Sankhya ‘satkaryavada’, immortality of the soul is explained. It is also written in Gita that soul is the part of God, therefore eternal in nature.
    However, such concepts are criticised by the materialistic philosopher Carvaka, who was in view that with the destruction of the body, soul also destroyed, and this theory is called ‘Dehatmvada’.
    As per Buddism , soul is nothing but aggregate of five skandhas, which is changeable in nature.
    As per Hume also, soul or self is nothing but bundle of different impressions.
    In spite of such criticism, immortality of soul play important role in west as well as in east. And it also play vital role to explain the ‘law of karma’ and moral life.