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16 SEPTEMBER, 2017 (MAINS)

TODAYS ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM PHILOSOPHY PAPER – 2 – PART A

Q1. Is Democratic Socialism a contradiction in terms? Discuss. 2011 – 20 marks

 

Please write the answer in comments section

  • jaish

    Democratic socialism is the mixture of socialism and democracy. As a matter of fact, its goal is to attain socialisation of property and equality by using democratic means such as time bound election, parliamentary legislation and socio-economic planning.
    In fact, it is criticised by the Marxist philosophers that democratic socialism is contradiction in term. First of all, it is told by the Marxist that democratic socialism is not original philosophy but it is the revision of Marxism in the light of democracy. It is contradiction in term because according to Marxists, democratic socialism wants to attain the ideals of socialisation with the help of institutions of liberal democracy like parliament and time bound elections. But Marxists maintains that these institutions are not autonomous but they are of class nature. Therefore, these institutions cannot be used to realise the goals of socialisation. This makes the democratic socialism contradictory.
    But as far as the contradiction is concerned, it is not true because democratic socialism is the better form of socialism where all ideals like liberty, equality and justice is maintained. In such system, all political liberties are available to the individuals unlike the Marxism. Being democratic in outlook, it respects freedom of press and religious freedom.
    Therefore, we do not see any contradiction between the ideals of socialism and institution of socialism.