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  1. Q1. Hegal’s Dialectical method. Short Notes. (2007/20)


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  • jaish

    Hegel philosophy is known as the absolute idealism. According to him, ultimate reality is the absolute, the pure consciousness, the supreme spirit and the aim of the philosophy is to discover and locate this absolute reality. The ultimate reality that is ‘Absolute idea’, the reason is dynamic. It is continuously unfolding itself, continuously becoming something The absolute idea first exist in abstract idea in which form it is pure and without differentiation. Absolute idea subjects to dialectical evolution. In this process, the principle of negation or contradiction holds a very special place.
    Dialectical method:
    It is the philosophical method to explain dynamic and evolving world to some rational plan. It explains this world of change and evolution in terms of unchangeable ideas. According to Hegel, this method is more appropriate than the Descartes deduction method.
    According to Hegel, dialectical evolution of absolute idea is in the form of triad. The reason manifests itself in some positive state of affairs, known as thesis. In this only one aspect of an object can be known but without the contradiction of this aspect, there is no progress.
    This negation or contradiction is known as anti-thesis. Further this is the only part of the reason. So it is incomplete. Consequently, a contradiction in the form of anti-thesis occurs. When both meet, a synthesis is created, a synthesis which includes and completes both. Synthesis occurs to achieve a higher state again a contradiction develop in synthesis, which now acts as the thesis and anti-thesis is obtained and finally synthesis and so on.
    Dialectical evolution is a rational process. Hence it is necessary. There is no place of accidental occurrence. Dialectical movement is universal and through this method, Hegel has explained everything such as society, polity, economy, history, religion etc.