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03 OCTOBER, 2017 (MAINS)

TODAYS ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM PHILOSOPHY PAPER – 2 – PART B

Q1. Can the notion of absolute truth be justified on rational grounds? (2012/12)

Please write the answer in comments section

  • Akshay

    Absolute truth can be defined as inflexible reality. In the context of religion there is one transcendent reality which we called ultimate reality – God.
    • Shankaracharya – Brahman is the only reality and the world is mithya.
    • Spinoza – one substance or God is the only reality.
    Thus different religions and belief systems has their own absolute truth.
    The religious exclusivism holds that, that only their respective religion is a true religion and has the absolute truth.
    But Kant divides the world in to two classes – phenomenal and noumenal. According to him we can know only the phenomenal class of the world and noumenal is beyond our experience. He established the postulates of God on the basis of moral and ethical principles.
    Thus the notion of absolute truth is different for different religions. As it is not one and universal, the proof absolute truth arises.
    Thus the notion of absolute truth cannot be justified on rational ground in the context of religion. Even in the science, the new inventions and discoveries overcomes the lags in previous inventions. Thus no invention can be considered as absolutely true.