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Q1. Can citizens have rights without duties? Discuss with examples. 2011 – 20 marks


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  • jaish

    The idea of rights is very important concept of political philosophy which is considered as essential for a democratic and civilised society. Rights are important for the development of individual’s personality. Rights are pro-social claims which are recognised by the state.
    Duties can be defined as the performance of the obligations and it may be binding in nature. In wider sense, duties are performance of acts which are worth performing.
    Relation between rights and duties holds different views as per the ideologies and time and place. As per Liberalism, Rights are more important than the duties and for Socialism, duties are more important than the rights.
    However, it is largely accepted that, citizens cannot have rights without duties. In fact both rights and duties are complimentary in nature, because both has the unity of purpose for the the social progress. It is also said that rights and duties are the two faces of the same coin. In the words of the Norman Wilde, it is only in the world of duties where rights have significance.
    Example- Government has the duty to provide education whereas masses have the rights to get education. Therefore rights and duties are relative to each others.
    Gadhijee has also believes in complementary nature of rights and duties. As per him, we should do our duties properly and in return, rights will automatically be realized.
    According to Laski, there are four fold connections between rights and duties as following:
    * My right implies your duty.
    *My right imply my duty to admit a similar right of others.
    *I should exercise my rights to promote social goods.
    *Since, state guarantees and maintaining my rights, i have the duty to support state.
    Therefore, it is clear that citizens cannot have the rights without duties in real sense and in democratic society rights and duties are equally important to protect the individual interests.