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09 SEPTEMBER, 2017 (MAINS)

TODAYS ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE FROM PHILOSOPHY PAPER – 2 – PART B

Q1. Do theist succeed in explaining the natural evil in the world as a necessary counterpart to good ? (2013/10)

 

Please write the answer in comments section

  • jaish

    It is generally accepted by the Theist that God is omnipotent, omniscient and benevolent in nature. Then in that case, it is difficult for them to explain the problem of evil which is also fact. For this reason, Theists have given arguments to counter the problems of evil. In this context, they have told that natural evils in the world as a necessary counterpart to the Good, which is instrumentalists views.
    In such explanation, Evil is accepted as the means, when we are in suffering state, then a sympathetic attitude is developed in others towards who is in pain. In this way character is built through strong struggle. In same way, evil is accepted as a means to realise the good and it is necessary step to climb towards the good. Here, evil is accepted as contingent and relative and for evaluation of goodness evil is necessary.
    Criticism:
    It is not confirm that it will promote goodness only, it might be possible that it will promote the moral evils in people.
    If natural evils are means then why it is in greater than the goodness and present everywhere. If it is the case then good is always relative to the evils.

    However, from the religious point of view, such arguments give them satisfaction and counter the problem of evil. And for natural evils, there is need to minimise it by the disaster management but not by the transcendental power.