Special provision with respect to the States of Maharashtra and Gujarat
The President may by order made with respect to Article 362, provide for any special responsibility of the Governor for:
The establishment of separate development boards for Vidarbha, Marathwada, and the rest of Maharashtra, Saurashtra, Kutch and the rest of Gujarat with the provision that a report on the working of these boards will be placed each year before the State Legislative Assembly.
The equitable allocation of funds for developmental expenditure over the said areas, subject to the requirements of the State as a whole.
An equitable arrangement providing adequate facilities for technical education and vocational training, and adequate opportunities for employment in services under the control of the State Government, in respect of all the said areas, subject to the requirements of the State as a whole.
Special provision with respect to the State of Nagaland
No Act of Parliament in respect of religious or social practices of the Nagas, Naga customary law and procedure, administration of civil and criminal justice involving decisions according to Naga customary law, ownership and transfer of land and its resources; shall apply to the State of Nagaland unless the Legislative Assembly of Nagaland by a resolution decides so.
The Governor of Nagaland shall have special responsibility with respect to law and order in the State of Nagaland for so long as in his opinion, internal disturbances occurring in the Naga Hills-Tuensang Area.
In July, 1960, an agreement was reached by the Government of India with the leaders of the Naga Peoples Convention under which it was decided that Naga Hills-Tuensang Area (Nagaland), which is at present a Part ‘B’ tribal area within the State of Assam, will be formed into a separate State in the Union of India.
The Agreement inter alia provided that-
- The Governor of the State of Nagaland shall have special responsibility for law and order for so long as the law and order situation continues to remain disturbed on account of hostile activities;
- The Governor shall have a general responsibility with regard to the funds made available to the new State by the Government of India;
- The administration of the Tuensang District of Nagaland shall be carried on by the Governor for a period of ten years during which it is expected that the people of that area would be in a position to shoulder fuller responsibilities of administration.