For the election of the vice president, the procedures involved are fairly similar to that in the Presidential poll.
If the ruling Government and the Opposition fail to find consensus on a candidate, respective candidates from both sides will contest an election. But unlike the Presidential poll, the election for the Vice President is conducted through a secret ballot where only members of both the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha get to vote.
Elected by both the houses (Electoral College) are in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote and the vote being secret. Nominated members also participate in the election.
The Supreme Court has the final and exclusive jurisdiction for resolving disputes and doubts relating to the election of the Vice President.
A person needs to satisfy the following prerequisites to become a Vice-President.
- Needs to be a citizen of India
- Is at least 35 years old or above.
- Is qualified to become a member of the Rajya Sabha
A candidate’s nomination paper needs to be subscribed by at least 20 electors as proposers and at least another 20 electors as seconders. And a security deposit of Rs 15,000 will be collected from each candidate.